WSIF API reference: Creating a message for sending to a port

For message management (that is, message construction and parsing) the underlying API is modeled on WSDL semantics. There is a simple and direct mapping from the WSDL model to the Web Services Invocation Framework (WSIF) classes.

In WSDL, a message describes the abstract type of the input or output to an operation. The corresponding WSIF class is WSIFMessage, which represents in memory the actual input or output of an operation. A WSIFMessage class is a container for a set of named parts. The WSIFMessage interface separates the actual representation of the data from the abstract type defined by WSDL. WSDL defines messages as XML schema types. There are two natural ways to represent a WSDL message in a run-time environment...

Each option offers benefits in different scenarios. The Java class is the natural approach when WSIF is used in a standard Java client. However, in other scenarios where WSIF is used in an intermediary, it might be more efficient to keep a WSDL message in the SOAP encoded format.

The style used to define messages must be consistent within the message, so all the parts in one message must be consistent. A string - getRepresentationStyle() - always returns null. This indicates that parts on this WSIFMessage class are represented as Java objects.

You add parts to a WSIFMessage class with the setObjectPart or setTypePart methods. Each part is named. Part names within a message are unique. If you set a part more than once, the last setting is the one that is used.

You retrieve parts by name from a WSIFMessage class with the getObjectPart or getTypePart methods. If the named part does not exist, the method returns a WSIFException exception.

Use Iterators to retrieve parts from the message through the getParts() and getPartNames() methods.

The order in which you set the parts is not important, but the message implementation might be more efficient if the parts are set in the parameter order specified by WSDL.

WSIFMessage classes are cloneable and serializable. If the parts set are not cloneable, the implementation can try to clone them using serialization. If the parts are not serializable either, then a CloneNotSupportedException exception is thrown if cloning is attempted.

WSIFMessage classes can be sent between Java Virtual Machines (JVMs).

In addition to the containing parts, a WSIFMessage class also has a message name. This is required for operation overloading, which is supported by WSDL and WSIF.

Here is the Javadoc for the WSIFMessage interface.


See Also

WSIF API reference: Finding a port factory or service
WSIF API reference: Using ports