Program guide > Access data with client applications > Programming for transactions > Use locking

Configure the lock timeout value

The lock timeout value on a BackingMap instance is used to ensure that an application does not wait endlessly for a lock mode to be granted because of a deadlock condition that occurs due to an application error.

Before you begin

To configure the lock timeout value, the locking strategy must be set to either OPTIMISTIC or PESSIMISTIC. See Configure a locking strategy for more information.

When a LockTimeoutException exception occurs, the application must determine if the timeout is occurring because the application is running slower than expected, or if the timeout occurred because of a deadlock condition. If an actual deadlock condition occurred, then increasing the lock wait timeout value does not eliminate the exception. Increasing the timeout results in the exception taking longer to occur. However, if increasing the lock wait timeout value does eliminate the exception, then the problem occurred because the application was running slower than expected. The application in this case must determine why performance is slow.

To prevent deadlocks from occurring, the lock manager has a default timeout value of 15 seconds. If the timeout limit is exceeded, a LockTimeoutException exception occurs. If the system is heavily loaded, the default timeout value might cause the LockTimeoutException exceptions to occur when no deadlock exists. In this situation, you can increase the lock timeout value programmatically or in the ObjectGrid descriptor XML file.


Parent topic:

Use locking

Related concepts


Locking performance best practices

Map entry locks with query and indexes

BackMap interface

Related tasks

Implement exception handling in locking scenarios

Configure a locking strategy

Related reference

Constant field values


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