Automating data access resource configuration using the scripting library


The scripting library provides Jython script procedures to assist in automating the environment. Use the resource management scripts to configure and manage the Java™ Database Connectivity (JDBC) configurations.

The scripting library provides a set of procedures to automate the most common appserver administration functions. There are three ways to use the Jython script library.

...contains procedures that perform application management tasks that are applicable to V7.0 and later of WAS ND.

The data access resource management procedures in the scripting library are located in...

WAS_HOME/scriptLibraries/resources/JDBC/V70

Each script from the directory automatically loads when you launch wsadmin. To automatically load the own Jython scripts (*.py) when wsadmin starts, save the automation scripts to a new subdirectory in the WAS_HOME/scriptLibraries directory.

Best practice: To create custom scripts using the scripting library procedures, save the modified scripts to a new subdirectory to avoid overwriting the library. Do not edit the script procedures in the scripting library

Use the scripts to perform many combinations of administration functions. Use the following sample combination of procedures to configure a JDBC provider and data source.

 

  1. Verify that all of the necessary JDBC driver files are installed on the node manager. If we opt to configure a user-defined JDBC provider, check the database documentation for information about the driver files.

  2. Launch wsadmin. Use this step to launch wsadmin and connect to a server, or run the tool in local mode. If we launch wsadmin, use the interactive mode examples in this topic to run scripts.

    • Enter the following command from the bin directory to launch wsadmin and connect to a server:

      bin>wsadmin -lang jython
      

    • Enter the following command from the bin directory to launch wsadmin in local mode and using the Jython scripting language:

      bin>wsadmin -conntype none -lang jython
      

    When wsadmin launches, the system loads all scripts from the scripting library.

  3. Set a JDBC provider.

    Run the createJDBCProvider procedure from the script library and specify the required arguments. To run the script, specify the node name, server name, name to assign to the new JDBC provider, and the implementation class name. We can optionally specify additional attributes in the following format: [["attr1", "value1"], ["attr2", "value2"]]. Custom properties for specific vendor JDBC drivers must be set on the appserver data source. Consult the database documentation for information about available custom properties.

    The following example creates a JDBC provider in the configuration:

    bin>wsadmin -lang jython -c "AdminJDBC.createJDBCProvider("myNode", 
     "myServer", "myJDBCProvider", "myImplementationClass", [["description", "testing"], 
     ["xa", "false"], ["providerType", "provType"]])"
    
    You can also use interactive mode to run the script procedure, as the following example displays:

    wsadmin>AdminJDBC.createJDBCProvider("myNode", "myServer", 
     "myJDBCProvider", "myImplementationClass",    [["description", "testing"], ["xa", 
     "false"], ["providerType", "provType"]])
    

    The script returns the configuration ID of the new JDBC provider.

  4. Use a template to configure a data source.

    Run the createDataSourceUsingTemplate procedure from the script library and specify the required arguments. To run the script, specify the node name, server name, JDBC provider name, configuration ID of the template to use, and the name to assign to the new data source. We can optionally specify additional attributes in the following format: [["attr1", "value1"], ["attr2", "value2"]]. The following example uses a template to create a data source in the configuration:

    bin>wsadmin -lang jython -c "AdminJDBC.createDataSourceUsingTemplate("myNode", 
     "myServer", "myJDBCProvider",    "Derby JDBC Driver 
    

    DataSource(templates/system|jdbc-resource-provider-templates.xml#DataSource_derby_1)", "myDataSource", [["authDataAlias", "myalias"], ["authMechanismPreference", "BASIC_PASSWORD"], ["description", "testing"], ["jndiName", "dsjndi1"], ["logMissingTransactionContext", "true"], ["statementCacheSize", "5"]])"

    You can also use interactive mode to run the script procedure, as the following example displays:

    wsadmin>AdminJDBC.createDataSourceUsingTemplate("myNode", "myServer", 
     "myJDBCProvider",    "Derby JDBC Driver 
    

    DataSource(templates/system|jdbc-resource-provider-templates.xml#DataSource_derby_1)", "myDataSource", [["authDataAlias", "myalias"], ["authMechanismPreference", "BASIC_PASSWORD"], ["description", "testing"], ["jndiName", "dsjndi1"], ["logMissingTransactionContext", "true"], ["statementCacheSize", "5"]])

    The script returns the configuration ID of the new data source.

 

Results

The wsadmin script libraries return the same output as the associated wsadmin commands. For example, the AdminServerManagement.listServers() script returns a list of available servers. The AdminClusterManagement.checkIfClusterExists() script returns a value of true if the cluster exists, or false if the cluster does not exist. If the command does not return the expected output, the script libraries return a 1 value when the script successfully runs. If the script fails, the script libraries return a -1 value and an error message with the exception. By default, the system disables failonerror option. To enable this option, specify true as the last argument for the script procedure, as the following example displays:

wsadmin>AdminApplication.startApplicationOnCluster("myApplication","myCluster","true")

 

What to do next

Create custom scripts to automate the environment by combining script procedures from the scripting library. Save custom scripts to a new subdirectory of the WAS_HOME/scriptLibraries directory.


J2C query scripts
J2C configuration scripts
JDBC configuration scripts
JDBC query scripts

 

Related tasks


Set a JDBC provider and data source
Use the script library to automate the application serving environment

 

Related


Data source minimum required settings, by vendor