The Web services security model used by WAS is the declarative model.
No Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) exist in WebSphere Application Server for programmatically interacting with Web services security. However, Service Provider Programming Interfaces (SPIs) are available for extending some security run-time behaviors. You can secure an application with Web services security by defining security constraints in the IBM extension deployment descriptors and in IBM extension bindings.
The development life cycle of a Web services security-enabled application is similar to the Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE) model.
The Web services security constraints are defined by the assembler during the application assembly phase if the J2EE application is Web services-enabled. Create, define, and edit the Web services security constraints with the Assembly Toolkit, which can be downloaded from the following location...http://www.ibm.com/support/docview.wss?rs=180&context=SSEQTP &q=ASTK&uid=swg24005125&loc=en_US&cs=utf-8&lang=en+en
Web services security constraints
The security constraints for Web services security are specified in the IBM deployment descriptor extension for Web services. The assembler defines these constraints during the application assembly phase, if the J2EE application is Web services enabled. Define the Web services security constraints using the Assembly Toolkit.
The Web services security run time acts on the constraints to enforce Web services security for the SOAP message. The scope of the IBM deployment descriptor extension is at the EJB module or Web module level. There also are bindings associated with each of the following IBM deployment descriptor extensions:
Client (might be either a J2EE client application client(container) or Web services acting as a client)
The IBM extension deployment descriptor and bindings are associated with each EJB module or Web module. See Figure 2 for more information. If Web services is acting as a client, then it contains the client IBM extension deployment descriptors and bindings in the EJB module or Web module.
The Web services security handler acts on the security constraints defined in the IBM extension deployment descriptor and enforces the security constraints accordingly. There are outbound and inbound configurations in both the client and server security constraints.
In a SOAP request, the following message points exist:
- Sender outbound
- Receiver inbound
- Receiver outbound
- Sender inbound
These message points correspond to the following four security constraints:
- Request sender (sender outbound)
- Request receiver (receiver inbound)
- Response sender (receiver outbound)
- Response receiver (sender inbound)
The security constraints of request sender and request receiver must match. Also, the security constraints of the response sender and response receiver must match. For example, if you specify integrity as a constraint in the request receiver, then configure the request sender to have integrity applied to the SOAP message. Otherwise, the request is denied because the SOAP message does not include the integrity specified in the request constraint.
See AlsoWeb services security model in WAS
Securing Web services based on WS-Security
View Web services client deployment descriptor
View Web services server deployment descriptor