Install as a non-root userGrant permissions to a non-root user to install IBM Connections.
About this taskThis task applies to the AIX and Linux™ operating systems only.
By default, only root users, or administrators on Microsoft™ Windows™ operating systems, have the necessary permissions to install an IBM Connections deployment. On the AIX and Linux operating systems, you can permit non-root users to install the product by changing their permissions to access certain data directories. On the Windows operating system, the user must be a member of the administrator group.
Note: The non-root user must be the same user who installed IBM WAS.
To grant the necessary permissions to a non-root user...
- Unless it already exists, create the non-root user account that you want to use to install IBM Connections.
- If it does not already exist, create a home directory for the user.
- Edit the install.ini file:
- Open the install.ini file for editing from the following location:
- AIX: <Lotus_Connections_set-up directory>/IM/aix/install.ini
- Linux: <Lotus_Connections_set-up directory>/IM/linux/install.ini
- Linux on System z : <Lotus_Connections_set-up directory>/IM/zlinux/install.ini
- In the second line of the file, change admin to nonadmin.
- Save and close the file.
- Open a command prompt and grant the appropriate permissions to the user by entering the commands shown in the following table:
Note: Use either the chmod or chown commands, depending on your security environment. Use the chown commands to grant permissions to a user and group but ensure that the group includes the user account that installed WAS.
Table 1. Non-root user permissions
Directory Permissions chmod command chown command <app_server_root> RWX chgrp -R <non-root_user_group> <app_server_root> chmod -R g+wrx <app_server_root>
where <non-root_user_group> is a user group that contains the non-root user account.
chown -R <non-root_ID>:<group> <app_server_root>
where <non-root_ID> is the non-root user account and <group> is the user group that contains this account.
Lotus_ Connections set-up directory RWX chgrp -R <non-root_user_group> <Lotus_Connections_set-up_directory> chmod -R g+wrx <Lotus_Connections_set-up_directory> chown -R <non-root_ID>:<group> <Lotus_connections_set-up_directory> lotus_connections_root RWX chgrp -R <non-root_user_group> <lotus_connections_root> chmod -R g+wrx <lotus_connections_root> chown -R <non-root_ID>:<group> <Lotus_connections_root> IM_root RWX chgrp -R <non-root_user_group> IM_root chmod -R g+wrx IM_root chown -R <non-root_ID>:<group> IM_root shared_resources_root RWX chgrp -R <non-root_user_group> shared_resources_root chmod -R g+wrx shared_resources_root chown -R <non-root_ID>:<group> shared_resources_root
ResultsWhen you have granted the necessary permissions, the non-root user can install IBM Connections.
ExampleGrant permissions to a non-root user who wants to install an IBM Connections deployment on Linux.
- The <app_server_root> directory is /opt/IBM/Websphere/Appserver.
- The <Lotus_Connections_set-up_directory> directory is /opt/ConnectionsSetup.
- The <lotus_connections_root>, IM_root, and shared_resources_root directories are subdirectories of the /opt/ConnectionsInstallation directory.
- The non-root user account is a member of the ConnectionsInstallers group.
- Create a non-root user account.
- Create a home directory for the new user account.
- Add the new user account to the ConnectionsInstallers group.
- Open a command prompt and enter the following commands:
- chgrp -R ConnectionsInstallers /opt/IBM/Websphere/Appserver chmod -R g+wrx /opt/IBM/Websphere/Appserver
- chgrp -R ConnectionsInstallers /opt/ConnectionsSetup chmod -R g+wrx /opt/ConnectionsSetup
- chgrp -R ConnectionsInstallers /opt/ConnectionsInstallation chmod -R g+wrx /opt/ConnectionsInstallation
Parent topicInstall IBM Connections
Install IBM Connections 3.0.1
Modifying the installation in interactive mode
Modifying the installation in silent mode