Administration guide > Secure the deployment environment

Data grid authentication

Use the secure token manager plug-in to enable server-to-server authentication, which requires you to implement the SecureTokenManager interface.

The generateToken(Object) method takes an object protect, and then generates a token that cannot be understood by others. The verifyTokens(byte[]) method does the reverse process: it converts the token back to the original object.

A simple SecureTokenManager implementation uses a simple encoding algorithm, such as a XOR algorithm, to encode the object in serialized form and then use corresponding decoding algorithm to decode the token. This implementation is not secure and is easy to break.

WebSphere eXtreme Scale default implementation

WebSphere eXtreme Scale provides an immediately available implementation for this interface. This default implementation uses a key pair to sign and verify the signature, and uses a secret key to encrypt the content. Every server has a JCKES type keystore to store the key pair, a private key and public key, and a secret key. The keystore has to be the JCKES type to store secret keys. These keys are used to encrypt and sign or verify the secret string on the sending end. Also, the token is associated with an expiration time. On the receiving end, the data is verified, decrypted, and compared to the receiver secret string. SSL communication protocols are not required between a pair of servers for authentication because the private keys and public keys serve the same purpose. However, if server communication is not encrypted, the data can be stolen by looking at the communication. Because the token expires soon, the replay attack threat is minimized. This possibility is significantly decreased if all servers are deployed behind a firewall.

The disadvantage of this approach is that the WebSphere eXtreme Scale administrators have to generate keys and transport them to all servers, which can cause security breach during transportation.

Parent topic:

Secure the deployment environment

Related concepts

Security integration with WAS

Data grid security

Application client authentication

Application client authorization

Transport layer security and secure sockets layer

Java Management Extensions (JMX) security

Security integration with external providers

Related tasks

Enable local security

Start and stop secure servers

Secure the REST data service

Related reference

Security descriptor XML file

objectGridSecurity.xsd file

Related information

Tutorial: Integrate WebSphere eXtreme Scale security with WAS

Tutorial: Integrate WebSphere eXtreme Scale security in a mixed environment with an external authenticator


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