Migrate web application components from WebSphere Application Server Version 5.x
Migration of web applications deployed in previous versions of WAS is usually not necessary. Versions 2.2 and later of the Java Servlet specification and versions 1.2 and 1.4 of the JSP specifications are still supported unless the behavior was changed in the Servlet 3.0 or JSP 2.1 specifications. These changes are generally available in more detail in their corresponding specification.
Servlet migration might be a concern if the application:
- Implements a WAS internal servlet to bypass a WAS Version 4.x single application path restriction
- Extends a PageListServlet that relies on configuration information in the servlet configuration XML file
- Calls the response.sendRedirect method for a servlet using the encodeRedirectURL function or starting within a non-context root
- Depends on a default Content-Type response header being set or the behavior of a setContentType call after a getWriter call is made. The behavior is set by WebSphere Application Server version level using the web container custom property com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.contenttypecompatibility with a value of V4, V5, V6. or V7. The behavior for each version is described in Table 1.
Version 4 Version 5 Version 6 Version 7 Default Content-Type text/html text/html; charset= <default_ encoding> none none Append Charset on getWriter if the property does not exist on Content-Type
Example: response.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8"); response.setContentType("text/xml"); response.getWriter();
text/html text/html text/xml; charset=UTF-8 text/xml; charset=UTF-8 Remove charset from the Content-Type property if the setContentType property is called after getWriter with a ";charset=" portion
Example: setContentType("text/html;charset=ISO-8859-7"); getWriter(); setContentType("text/xml;charset=UTF-8");
text/html text/html text/html text/xml; charset=ISO-8859-7
JSP migration might be a concern if the application references JSP page implementation classes in unnamed packages, or if you install WebSphere Application Server Version 4.x EAR files (deployed in Version 4.x with the JSP Precompile option), in Version 5.x. You need to recompile all JSP pages when migrating from WebSphere Application Server Version 5.x.
(zos) JSP migration might be a concern if the application references JSP page implementation classes in unnamed packages, or if you install WebSphere Application Server Version 4.0.1 EAR files (deployed in Version 4.0.1 with the JSP Precompile option), in Version 5.x. You need to recompile all JSP pages when migrating from WebSphere Application Server Version 5.x.
Supported configurations: For IBM extension and binding files, the .xmi or .xml file name extension is different depending on whether you are using a pre-Java EE 5 application or module or a Java EE 5 or later application or module. An IBM extension or binding file is named ibm-*-ext.xmi or ibm-*-bnd.xmi where * is the type of extension or binding file such as app, application, ejb-jar, or web. The following conditions apply:
- For an application or module that uses a Java EE version prior to version 5, the file extension must be .xmi.
- For an application or module that uses Java EE 5 or later, the file extension must be .xml. If .xmi files are included with the application or module, the product ignores the .xmi files.
However, a Java EE 5 or later module can exist within an application that includes pre-Java EE 5 files and uses the .xmi file name extension.
The ibm-webservices-ext.xmi, ibm-webservices-bnd.xmi, ibm-webservicesclient-bnd.xmi, ibm-webservicesclient-ext.xmi, and ibm-portlet-ext.xmi files continue to use the .xmi file extensions. sptcfg
Follow these steps if migration issues apply to the web application:
- IBM internal servlets are used to enable special behavior such as file serving and serving servlets by class name. If a migrated application references internal servlets, the best practice is to enable or disable the functionality through the IBM WebSphere extensions XMI file, ibm-web-ext.xmi, located in each web module WEB-INF directory or by using an assembly tool.
- If using these configuration options are not viable, then verify that the package names for the following internal servlets match what is used in the version 7 web deployment descriptor.
Feature Configuration Option Servlet Class Directory browsing directoryBrowsingEnabled="true" com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.servlet.DirectoryBrowsingServlet Auto mapping of servlet paths serveServletsByClassnameEnabled="true: com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.servlet.SimpleFileServlet File serving fileServingEnabled="true" com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.servlet.FilterProxyServlet
- (zos) Migrate servlets that extend PageListServlet and rely on configuration information in the associated XML servlet configuration file. In Version 4.0.1, the XML servlet configuration file provides configuration data for page lists and augments servlet configuration information. This file is named as either servlet_class_name.servlet or servlet_name.servlet, and is stored in the same directory as the servlet class file.
- Add the web container custom property, com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.contenttypecompatibility, with a value of V4, V5, V6, V7, and so on. The value is determined by the version that the application is dependant on. Refer the Modifying the default web container configuration topics for details on how to modify this custom property. Because this property is a global setting, you must consider the effect on other applications.
Development and assembly tools
Hot deployment and dynamic reloading Migrate to Java SE 6 Modify the default web container configuration
Web applications: Resources for learning Configure JVM sendRedirect calls to use context root