Full profile overview
Learn about the WAS full profile.
An application server is a JVM running user applications. Application servers use Java technology to extend web server capabilities to handle web application requests. An application server makes it possible for a server to generate a dynamic, customized response to a client request. The WebSphere Application Server full profile provides application servers.
For more introduction, refer to Introduction: Application servers.
Generic servers. In distributed platforms, we can use the full profile generic servers feature to create a generic server as an application server instance within the product administration, and associate it with a non-WebSphere server or process. The generic server can be associated with any server or process that is necessary to support the application server environment.
For more information, refer to Server collection.
Web servers. A full profile server works with a web server to handle requests for web applications. The application server and web server communicate using an HTTP plug-in for the web server.
For more information, refer to Implement a web server plug-in.
Clusters. In the WAS Network Deployment product, clusters and cluster members help you monitor full profile servers and manage the workloads of servers.
For more information, refer to Balancing workloads.
Core groups settings. A core group is a statically defined component of the high availability manager. The high availability manager is a product function that monitors the full profile server environment and provides peer-to-peer failover of application server components.
Core group bridge settings. A core group bridge is a configurable service for communication between core groups.
For more information, refer to Core groups (high availability domains).
JMS providers. The product supports messaging by providing a range of Java Message Service (JMS) providers that conform to the JMS specifications. There are three main types of JMS provider that can be configured for the full profile: The WebSphere Application Server default messaging provider (uses service integration as the provider), the WebSphere MQ messaging provider (uses the WebSphere MQ system as the provider) and 3rd party messaging providers (use another company's product as the provider).
For more information, refer to Introduction: Messaging resources.
Cell-wide settings help handle requests among Web applications, web containers, and full profile application servers in a logical administrative domain called a cell.
Virtual hosts. A virtual host is a configuration enabling a single host to resemble multiple logical hosts. Each virtual host has a logical name and a list of one or more DNS aliases by which it is known. A DNS alias is the TCP/IP host name and port number used to request the servlet, for example: hostname:80. The DNS alias might be the host name and port of a web server that routes to the application server or the actual host name and port on which the application server is listening. Java EE web modules are mapped to a virtual host at installation time. Web modules that use the same virtual host can dispatch to resources within one another.
For more information, refer to Virtual hosts.
WebSphere variables. Variables are used to control settings and properties relating to the server environment. WebSphere variables are used to configure product path names such as JAVA_HOME, cell-wide customization values, and the WAS for z/OS location service.
For more information, refer to WebSphere variables.
Shared libraries. Shared libraries are files used by multiple applications. We can define a shared library at the cell, node, or server level. We can then associate the library to an application or server in order for the classes represented by the shared library to be loaded in either a server-wide or application-specific class loader.
For more information, refer to Manage shared libraries.
Replication domains. Replication is a service that transfers data, objects, or events among application servers. Data replication service (DRS) is the internal WebSphere Application Server component that replicates data. Replication domains transfer data, objects, or events for session manager, dynamic cache, or stateful session beans among application servers in a cluster.
For more information, refer to Data replication.
Administrative console. The console is a full profile graphical interface that provides many features to guide you through deployment and systems administration tasks. Use it to explore available management options.
For more introduction, refer to Introduction: Administrative console.
Scripting client (wsadmin). The WebSphere administrative (wsadmin) scripting program is a powerful, non-graphical command interpreter environment enabling you to run administrative operations in a scripting language. We can also submit scripting language programs to run. The wsadmin tool is intended for production environments and unattended operations.
For more introduction, refer to Introduction: Administrative scripting (wsadmin).
Administrative programs (JMX). The product supports a Java programming interface for developing administrative programs. All of the administrative tools that are supplied with the product are written according to the API, which is based on the industry standard JMX specification.
For more introduction, refer to Introduction: Administrative programs.
Command line tools. Command-line tools are simple programs that you run from an operating system command-line prompt to perform specific tasks, as opposed to general purpose administration. Using the tools, we can start and stop application servers, check server status, add or remove nodes, and complete similar tasks.
For more introduction, refer to Introduction: Administrative commands.
Configuration files. Product configuration data resides in XML files that are manipulated by the previously mentioned administrative clients.
For more introduction, refer to Introduction: Administrative configuration data.
Domains (cells, nodes). Servers, nodes and node agents, cells, and the deployment manager are fundamental concepts in the administrative universe of the product. It is also important to understand the various processes in the administrative topology and the operating environment in which they apply.
For more introduction, refer to Welcome to basic administrative architecture.
Monitor and tune
Monitor tools. Performance monitoring is an activity in which you collect and analyze data about the performance of the applications and their environments. Performance monitoring tools include :
- Performance Monitoring Infrastructure (PMI) for monitoring to understand overall system health. For more information, see Performance Monitoring Infrastructure (PMI).
- Request metrics for monitoring to understand resource usage. For more information, see Why use request metrics?.
- Tivoli Performance Viewer (TPV) for viewing the performance data that you collected. For more information, see Why use Tivoli Performance Viewer?.
Tune tools. Tuning the product helps you obtain the best performance from the website. Tuning the product involves analyzing performance data and determining the optimal server configuration. This determination requires considerable knowledge about the various components in the application server and their performance characteristics. The performance advisors encapsulate this knowledge, analyze the performance data and provide configuration recommendations to improve the application server performance. Therefore, the performance advisors provide a starting point to the application server tuning process and help you without requiring that you become an expert.
For more information, refer to Obtaining advice from the advisors.
Diagnostic tools. Diagnostic tools help you isolate the source of problems. Many diagnostic tools are available for this product.
For more information, refer to Work with troubleshooting tools.
(zos) For more information, refer to Diagnosing problems (using diagnosis tools).
Support and self-help IBM Support can assist in deciphering the output of diagnostic tools. Refer to the WAS Technical Support website for current information on known problems and their resolution. Documents at this site can save you time gathering information needed to resolve a problem.
For more information, refer to the WebSphere Application Server Support page.
- Overview: Administering
Use the links provided in this topic to learn about the administrative features.
- Overview: Securing
Use the links provided in this topic to learn more about the security infrastructure.
- Overview: Developing
- Overview: Monitoring performance
Use the links provided in this topic to learn about monitoring capabilities.
- Overview: Tuning performance
Use the links provided in this topic to learn about tuning applications and their environment.
- Overview: Troubleshooting
Use the links provided in this topic to learn about troubleshooting and problem determination capabilities.
- Introduction: Web services
Explore the key concepts pertaining to web services applications. Web services are self-contained, modular applications that can be described, published, located, and invoked over a network. Web services implement a service-oriented architecture (SOA), which supports the connecting or sharing of resources and data. Services support dynamic, automated discovery and reuse.
- Introduction: Messaging resources
WebSphere Application Server supports asynchronous messaging based on the Java Message Service (JMS) and Java EE Connector Architecture (JCA) specifications, which provide a common way for Java programs (clients and Java EE applications) to create, send, receive, and read asynchronous requests, as messages.
- Introduction: Dynamic cache
Explore the key concepts pertaining to the dynamic cache service, which improves performance by caching the output of servlets, commands, web services, and JSPs files.
- Learn about SIP applications
Find links to web resources for learning, including conceptual overviews, tutorials, samples, and "How do I?..." topics.
WebSphere Application Server: Quick start