library.policy file permissions


Java2 security uses several policy files to determine the granted permission for each Java program.

For the list of available policy files that are supported by WAS, see Java 2 security policy files.

The library.policy file is the template for shared libraries (Java library classes). Multiple enterprise applications can define and use shared libraries. Refer to Managing shared libraries for information on how to define and manage the shared libraries.

If the default permissions for a shared library (union of the permissions defined in the java.policy file, app.policy and the library.policy file) are enough, no action is required. The default library.policy is picked up automatically. If a specific change is required to share a library in the cell, update the library.policy file.

Syntax errors in the policy files cause the appserver to fail. Edit these policy files carefully.

Do not place the codebase keyword or any other keyword after the grant keyword. The Signed By keyword and the Java Authentication and Authorization Service (JAAS) Principal keyword are not supported in the library.policy file. The Signed By keyword is supported in the java.policy, the server.policy, and the client.policy policy files. The JAAS Principal keyword is supported in a JAAS policy file when it is specified by the JVM system property, java.security.auth.policy. We can statically set the authorization policy files in the java.security.auth.policy file with auth.policy.url.n=URL where URL is the location of the authorization policy.

To extract the policy file, use a command prompt to enter the following command using the appropriate variable values for the environment:The previous two lines were split onto two lines for illustrative purposes only.

wsadmin> set obj [$AdminConfig extract cells/mycell/nodes/
mynode/library.policy c:/temp/test/library.policy]

Edit the extracted library.policy file with the Policy Tool.

See Use PolicyTool to edit policy files for Java 2 security.

To check in the policy file, use a command prompt to enter the following command using the appropriate variable values for the environment:An updated library.policy is applied to shared libraries after the servers restart.

wsadmin> $AdminConfig checkin cells/mycell/nodes/mynode/library.policy  
                c:/temp/test/library.policy $obj

 

Example

The union of the permission contained in the java.policy file, app.policy, and the library.policy file are applied to the shared libraries. The library.policy file is managed by configuration and file replication services.

Changes made in the file are replicated to other nodes in the cell. The library.policy file are supplied by WAS resides at: APP_ROOT/config/cells/mycell/nodes/mynode/ directory. The file contains an empty permission entry as a default. For example:

grant { };

If the shared library in a cell requires permissions that are not defined as defaults in the java.policy file, app.policy and the library.policy file, update the library.policy file. The missing permission causes the java.security.AccessControlException exception. The missing permission is listed in the exception data.

(Windows) For example:

java.security.AccessControlException: access denied (java.io.FilePermission
APP_ROOT/lib/mail-impl.jar read)
The previous lines are split into two lines for illustrative purposes only. The APP_ROOT variable represents the installation directory.

When a Java program receives this exception and adding this permission is justified, add a permission to the library.policy file.

(Windows) For example:

grant { permission java.io.FilePermission "APP_ROOT/lib/mail-impl.jar", "read"; };
The previous lines are split into two lines for illustrative purposes only. The APP_ROOT variable represents the installation directory.

To decide whether to add a permission, refer to Access control exception.

Restart the related Java processes for the changes in the library.policy file to become effective.



 

Related concepts


Access control exception

 

Related tasks


Set the was.policy file for Java 2 security
Add the was.policy file to applications for Java 2 security
Use PolicyTool to edit policy files for Java 2 security
Set Java 2 security policy files

 

Related


spi.policy file permissions
server.policy file permissions
java.policy file permissions
Java 2 security policy files