Mapping of a client Kerberos principal name to the WebSphere user registry ID


We can map the Kerberos client principal name to the WebSphere user registry ID for both SPNEGO Web authentication and Kerberos authentication.

Use the (JAAS) custom login module to perform any custom mapping of a client Kerberos principal name to the WebSphere user registry identity. The JAAS custom login module is a plug-in mechanism that is defined for authenticating incoming requests in WAS. If the active authentication mechanism is LTPA, the JAAS custom login module is inserted immediately before the ltpaLoginModule.

The JAAS custom login module retrieves a client Kerberos principal name in javax.security.auth.Subject using the subject.getPrincipals(KerberosPrincipal.class) method, maps the client Kerberos principal name to the WebSphere user registry identity, and inserts the mapping identity in the hash table property, com.ibm.wsspi.security.cred.userId. The wsMapDefaultInboundLoginModule then uses the mapped identity to create a WSCredential.

For SPNEGO Web authentication, the custom login module can also supply the full set of security properties in the javax.security.auth.Subject in the com.ibm.wsspi.security.tai.TAIResult to fully assert the mapped identity. When the identity is fully asserted, the wsMapDefaultInboundLoginModule maps those security properties to a WSCredential.

 

  1. Refer to the following example of a custom login module:

     import java.util.Map;
     import java.lang.reflect.Array;
     import javax.security.auth.Subject;
     import javax.security.auth.callback.*;
     import javax.security.auth.login.LoginException;
     import javax.security.auth.spi.LoginModule;
     import javax.security.auth.kerberos.*;
     import com.ibm.websphere.security.auth.WSLoginFailedException;
     import com.ibm.wsspi.security.token.AttributeNameConstants;
    
    /**
     * 
     * @author IBM Corporation
     * @version 1.0
     * @since 1.0    
     *
     */
     public class sampleSpnegoMappingLoginModule implements LoginModule {
        /*
         * 
         * Constant that represents the name of this mapping module.  Whenever this sample
         * code is used to create a class with a different name, this value should be changed.
         * 
         */
        private final static String MAPPING_MODULE_NAME = "com.ibm.websphere.security.sampleSpnegoMappingLoginModule";
    
        private String mapUid = null;
        /**
         * Construct an uninitialized WSLoginModuleImpl object.
         */
        public sampleSpnegoMappingLoginModule() {
            debugOut("sampleSpnegoMappingLoginModule() entry");
            debugOut("sampleSpnegoMappingLoginModule() exit");
        }
    
        /**
         * Initialize this login module.
         *
         * 
         * This is called by the  LoginContext after this login module is
         * instantiated. The relevant information is passed from the LoginContext
         * to this login module. If the login module does not understands any of the data
         * stored in the sharedState and options parameters,      * they can be ignored.
         * 
         *
         * @param subject The subject to be authenticated.
         * @param callbackHandler
         *                A  CallbackHandler for communicating with the end user to gather login information 
                         (e.g., username and password).
         * @param sharedState
         *                The state shared with other configured login modules.
         * @param options The options specified in the login configuration for this particular login module.
         */
        public void initialize(Subject subject, CallbackHandler callbackHandler,                            Map sharedState, Map options) {
            debugOut("initialize(subject = \"" + subject.toString() +
                     "\", callbackHandler = \"" + callbackHandler.toString() +
                     "\", sharedState = \"" + sharedState.toString() +
                     "\", options = \"" + options.toString() + "\")");
    
            this.subject = subject;
            this.callbackHandler = callbackHandler;
            this.sharedState = sharedState;
            this.options = options;
    
            debug = "true".equalsIgnoreCase((String)this.options.get("debug"));
    
            debugOut("initialize() exit");
        }
    
        /**
         * 
         * Method to authenticate a Subject (phase 1).
         * 
         *
         * 
         * This method authenticates a Subject. It uses CallbackHandler to gather
         * the Subject information, like username and password for example, and verify these
         * information. The result of the authentication is saved in the private state within
         * this login module.
         * 
         *
         * @return  true if the authentication succeeded, or false
         *         if this login module should be ignored.
         * @exception LoginException
         *                   If the authentication fails.
         */
        public boolean login() throws LoginException
        {
            debugOut("sampleSpnegoMappingLoginModule.login() entry"); 
    
            boolean succeeded = false;
            java.util.Set krb5Principals= subject.getPrincipals(KerberosPrincipal.class);
            java.util.Iterator krb5PrincIter = krb5Principals.iterator();
    
            while (krb5PrincIter.hasNext()) {
                Object princObj = krb5PrincIter.next();
                debugOut("Kerberos principal name: "+ princObj.toString());
                
                if (princObj != null && princObj.toString().equals("utle@WSSEC.AUSTIN.IBM.COM")){
                    mapUid = "user1";
                    debugOut("mapUid: "+mapUid);
    
                                     java.util.Hashtable customProperties = (java.util.Hashtable)
                                     sharedState.get(AttributeNameConstants.WSCREDENTIAL_PROPERTIES_KEY);
                                     if (customProperties == null) {
                                         customProperties = new java.util.Hashtable();
                                     }
                                     succeeded = true;
                                     customProperties.put(AttributeNameConstants.WSCREDENTIAL_USERID, mapUid);
    
                                     Map<String,java.util.Hashtable>mySharedState=(Map<String,java.
                                     util.Hashtable>)sharedState;
                                     mySharedState.put(AttributeNameConstants.WSCREDENTIAL_PROPERTIES_KEY, customProperties);
    
                                     debugOut("Add a mapping user ID to Hashtable, mapping ID = "+mapUid); 
                                        
                                     debugOut("login() custom properties = " + customProperties);
                }
            }
    
            succeeded = true;
            debugOut("sampleSpnegoMappingLoginModule.login() exit"); 
    
            return succeeded;
        }
    
        /**
         * 
         * Method to commit the authentication result (phase 2).
         * 
         *
         * 
         * This method is called if the LoginContext's overall authentication
         * succeeded (the revelant REQUIRED, REQUISITE, SUFFICIENT and OPTIONAL login module
         * succeeded).
         * 
         *
         * @return true if the commit succeeded, or false
         *         if this login module should be ignored.
         * @exception LoginException
         *                   If the commit fails.
         */
        public boolean commit() throws LoginException              
        {
            debugOut("commit()");
    
            debugOut("commit()");
    
            return true;
        }
    
        /**
         * Method to abort the authentication process (phase 2).
         *
         * 
         * This method is called if the LoginContext's overall authentication
         * failed (the revelant REQUIRED, REQUISITE, SUFFICIENT and OPTIONAL login module
         * did not succeed).
         * 
         *
         * 
         * If this login module's authentication attempt succeeded, then this method cleans
         * up the previous state saved in phase 1.
         * 
         *
         * @return true if the abort succeeded, or false
         *         if this login module should be ignored.
         * @exception LoginException
         *                   If the abort fails.
         */
        public boolean abort() throws LoginException {
            debugOut("abort() entry");
            debugOut("abort() exit");
            return true;
        }
    
        /**
         * Method which logs out a Subject.
         *
         * @return true if the logout succeeded, or false
         *         if this login module should be ignored.
         * @exception LoginException
         *                   If the logout fails.
         */
        public boolean logout() throws LoginException
        {
            debugOut("logout() entry");
            debugOut("logout() exit");
    
            return true;
        }
    
        private void cleanup()
        {
            debugOut("cleanup() entry");
            debugOut("cleanup() exit");
        }
    
        /*
         * 
         * Private method to print trace information.  This implementation uses System.out
         * to print trace information to standard output, but a custom tracing system can
         * be implemented here as well.
         * 
         */
        private void debugOut(Object o)
        {
            System.out.println("Debug: " + MAPPING_MODULE_NAME);
            if (o != null) {
                if (o.getClass().isArray()) {
                    int length = Array.getLength(o);
                    for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
                        System.out.println("\t" + Array.get(o, i));
                    }
                } else {
                    System.out.println("\t" + o);
                }
            }
        }
        private Subject subject;
        private CallbackHandler callbackHandler;
        private Map sharedState;
        private Map options;
    
        protected boolean debug = false;
    }
    

  2. For SPNEGO Web authentication without Kerberos authentication, this JAAS custom login module must first be inserted in the stack login for system logon config for WEB_INBOUND, RMI_INBOUND and DEFAULT.

  3. For Kerberos authentication, this JAAS custom login module must be inserted immediately before the ltpaLoginModule for system login config for WEB_INBOUND, RMI_INBOUND and DEFAULT.

 

Results

Use the custom login module, the Kerberos principal name is mapped to the WAS's security registry.

 

Related tasks


Create a Kerberos service principal and keytab file
Set a Java client for Kerberos authentication
Set CSIV2 inbound and outbound communication settings
Set Kerberos as the authentication mechanism

 

Related


Kerberos authentication
Kerberos authentication commands
CSIv2 inbound communications settings
CSIv2 outbound communications settings