Creating a custom profile
This topic describes creating a runtime environment for a custom profile.
Before you begin
Before using the Profile Creation wizard, install the core product files.
The Profile Creation wizard is the graphical interface to the wasprofile command. See the description of the wasprofile command for more information.
You must provide enough system temporary space to create a profile. For information on the requirements, see the Profiles: file system requirements topic.
About this task
After installing the core product files for the Network Deployment product, create a profile. It can be a deployment manager profile, an application server profile, or a custom profile. This topic describes creating a custom profile using the Profile Creation wizard. A custom profile is an empty node that you can customize to include application servers, clusters, or other Java processes, such as a messaging server.
Use the Profile Creation wizard in silent mode with a response file instead of the graphical user interface. See responsefile.pct.NDmanagedProfile.txt for examples of using the Profile Creation wizard in silent mode.
You can also use the wasprofile command to create a custom profile. See the description of the wasprofile command for more information.
By default, the Profile Creation wizard federates a custom node when you create a custom profile. Federating the node makes the node operational. You must have access to a running deployment manager to federate the node.
If the custom profile is on a machine that does not have a deployment manager, the deployment manager must be accessible over the network to allow the federation of the node.
- Install the product to create the core product files.
- Start the Profile Creation wizard to create a new runtime environment.
Several ways exist to start the wizard:
- At the end of installation, select the check box to launch the Profile Creation wizard.
- The command is in the install_root/bin/ProfileCreator directory. The name of the command varies per platform:
64-bit platforms: pctHPUXIA64.bin
64-bit platforms: pct.bin S/390 platforms: pctLinux390.bin
Power platforms: pctLinuxPPC.bin
64-bit platforms: pctWindowsIA64.exe
- Select the Profile Creation wizard from the First steps console.
Use the Start menu to access the Profile Creation wizard. For example, click Start > Programs or All Programs > IBM WebSphere > your product > Profile Creation wizard.
- Open a command window.
- Change directories to the firststeps directory in the installation root directory:
The installation root varies by platform:
- Issue the firststeps command to start the console:
- Select the Profile Creation wizard option on the console.
The Profile Creation wizard is an InstallShield for Multiplatforms application. The wizard loads the Java 2 SDK and then displays its Welcome panel.
See the description of the firststeps command for more information.
- Click Next on the Welcome panel.
The wizard displays the Profile type selection panel.
- Select Create a custom profile and click Next.
The wizard displays the Custom-profile federation panel.
- Specify the host name and SOAP port of the deployment manager and click Next.
After federation, the process in the custom profile is the node agent process. The node agent process is the agent of the deployment manager for the custom node. The node agent responds to commands from the deployment manager to perform tasks that include the following actions:
- Creating application server processes, clusters, and cluster members
- Starting and stopping application server processes
- Synchronizing configurations between the current edition on the deployment manager and the copy that exists on the node
- Delete application server processes
See the system administration section of the information center for more information about node agents and their tasks.
Should you federate the node?
The recommendation is that you federate the custom node at this time. The deployment manager must be running and accessible when you click Next on the Federation panel to federate the custom node. If the custom profile is on a machine that does not have a deployment manager, the deployment manager must be running and accessible over the network to allow the federation of the node. If the deployment manager is not running or not accessible before you click Next, but you can start it and make it accessible at this time, do so. Otherwise, select the check box to federate the node later.
If you are unsure whether the deployment manager is running or accessible, do not federate now. Federate the node later.
If security is enabled on the deployment manager node, federate later using the addNode command to enter a user ID and password on the command.
A possibility exists that the deployment manager is reconfigured to use the non-default remote method invocation (RMI) as the preferred Java Management Extensions (JMX) connector. Click System Administration > Deployment manager > Administrative services in the administrative console of the deployment manager to verify the preferred connector type.
Federating when the deployment manager is not available
If you federate a custom node when the deployment manager is not running or is not available because of security being enabled or for other reasons, the installation indicator in the logs is INSTCONFFAIL to indicate a complete failure. The resulting custom profile is unusable. You must move the custom profile directory out of the profile repository (the profiles installation root directory) before creating another custom profile with the same profile name.
If the deployment manager is unavailable, an immediate failure occurs prior to profile creation. You must restart the profile creation and either ensure the deployment manager is active and the connection information specified is correct, or select the federate later option.
Click Next to display the Profile name panel.
- Specify a name for the profile, or accept the default: click Next.Profile naming guidelines: Double-byte characters are supported. The profile name can be any unique name with the following restrictions. Do not use any of the following characters when naming your profile:
- Illegal special characters that are not supported within the name of a directory on your operating system, such as *&?
- Slashes (/) or (\)
The first profile that you create on a machine is the default profile. The default profile is the default target for commands that are issued from the bin directory in the product installation root. When only one profile exists on a machine, every command works on the only server process in the configuration.
When two or more profiles exist on a machine, certain commands require that you specify the profile to which the command applies. These commands use the -profileName parameter to identify which profile to address. You might find it easier to use the commands that are in the bin directory of each profile.The commands are found in the:
A command has two lines. The first line sets the WAS_USER_SCRIPT environment variable for the command window. The variable sets up the command environment to address the profile. The second line calls the actual command in the
The wizard then displays the Profile directory panel.
- Specify a location for the profile and click Next.
If you click Back and change the name of the profile, you must manually change the name on this panel when it displays again.
The wizard displays the Node and host names panel.
- Specify the node and host characteristics for the custom profile and click Next.
If you plan to migrate an installation of V5.x Network Deployment to V6, use the same cell name for the V6 deployment manager that you used for the V5.x cell. A cell name must be unique in any circumstance in which the product is running on the same physical machine or cluster of machines, such as a sysplex. Additionally, a cell name must be unique in any circumstance in which network connectivity between entities is required either between the cells or from a client that must communicate with each of the cells. Cell names also must be unique if their name spaces are going to be federated. Otherwise, you might encounter symptoms such as a javax.naming.NameNotFoundException exception, in which case, you need to create uniquely named cells.
After migrating the cell, the V5 managed nodes are now managed by the V6 deployment manager in compatibility mode. You can migrate individual V5 managed nodes in the cell to V6. To do so, create a V6 profile with the same node name as the V5 managed node.
Reserved names: Avoid using reserved folder names as field values. The use of reserved folder names can cause unpredictable results. The following words are reserved:
The custom profile has the following characteristics:
Field name Default value Constraints Description Node name Avoid using the reserved words.
Use a unique name within the deployment manager cell.
If you plan to migrate a V5 managed node, use the same node name for this V6 custom profile.
The name is used for administration within the deployment manager cell to which the custom profile is added. Use a unique name within the deployment manager cell.
After migrating a V5 deployment manager cell to a V6 deployment manager, you can migrate the V5 custom profiles that are running in compatibility mode in the V6 deployment manager.
Host name The host name must be addressable through your network. Use the actual DNS name or IP address of your machine to enable communication with your machine. See additional information about the host name that follows this table.
Directory path considerations
The number of characters in the profiles_directory_path\profile directory must be less than or equal to 80 characters.
Host name considerations
The host name is the network name for the physical machine on which the node is installed. The host name must resolve to a physical network node on the server. When multiple network cards exist in the server, the host name or IP address must resolve to one of the network cards. Remote nodes use the host name to connect to and communicate with this node. Selecting a host name that other machines can reach within your network is extremely important. Do not use the generic identifier, localhost, for this value. Also, do not attempt to install WebSphere Application Server products on a machine with a host name that uses characters from the double-byte character set (DBCS). DBCS characters are not supported when used in the host name.
If you define coexisting nodes on the same computer with unique IP addresses, define each IP address in a domain name server (DNS) look-up table. Configuration files for stand-alone Application Servers do not provide domain name resolution for multiple IP addresses on a machine with a single network address.
The value that you specify for the host name is used as the value of the hostName property in configuration documents for the stand-alone Application Server. Specify the host name value in one of the following formats:
- Fully qualified domain name server (DNS) host name string, such as xmachine.manhattan.ibm.com
- The default short DNS host name string, such as xmachine
- Numeric IP address, such as 127.1.255.3
The fully qualified DNS host name has the advantages of being totally unambiguous and flexible. You have the flexibility of changing the actual IP address for the host system without having to change the Application Server configuration. This value for the host name is particularly useful if you plan to change the IP address frequently when using Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) to assign IP addresses. A format disadvantage is a dependency on DNS. If DNS is not available, then connectivity is compromised.
The short host name is also dynamically resolvable. A short name format has the added ability of being redefined in the local hosts file so that the system can run the Application Server, even when disconnected from the network. Define the short name to 127.0.0.1 (local loopback) in the hosts file to run disconnected. A format disadvantage is a dependency on DNS for remote access. If DNS is not available, then connectivity is compromised.
A numeric IP address has the advantage of not requiring name resolution through DNS. A remote node can connect to the node that you name with a numeric IP address without DNS being available. A format disadvantage is that the numeric IP address is fixed. You must change the setting of the hostName property in Express configuration documents whenever you change the machine IP address. Therefore, do not use a numeric IP address if you use DHCP, or if you change IP addresses regularly. Another format disadvantage is that you cannot use the node if the host is disconnected from the network.
After specifying custom profile characteristics, the wizard displays the Port value assignment panel.
- Specify port assignments that do not conflict for the custom profile and click Next.
When federating a custom profile, the addNode command uses non-conflicting ports. This means that you can take the default port assignments as you create the profile, and let the addNode command specify non-conflicting ports as you federate the node. Port assignments must be unique on a machine. application server processes on different machines can use the same port assignments without conflict.
After specifying non-conflicting port assignments, the wizard displays the Profile summary panel.
- Verify that the ports specified are unique and click Next.
The Profile Creation Summary panel displays.
The deployment manager must be running and accessible when you click Next so that the profile creation succeeds. Since the deployment manager had to be running and accessible when you clicked on the previous panel, it is most likely still running and accessible. If you think the deployment manager might not be running or might be inaccessible, follow the recommendations in this step to start and make accessible the deployment manager.
- Click Next to create the custom profile or click Back to change the characteristics of the custom profile.
The wizard displays a Status panel as the wizard creates the custom profile. At the end of the installation, the wizard displays the Profile creation is complete panel.
- Click Finish to exit the Profile Creation wizard.
You created a custom profile. The node within the profile is empty until you federate the node and use the deployment manager to customize the node.
The directory structure shows the new profile folder within the profiles directory. The profile folder has the same name as the profile that you create.
Refer to the description of the wasprofile command to learn about creating a profile using a command instead of a wizard.
The Profile Creation wizard creates a log during profile creation. The logs are in the install_dir/logs/wasprofile directory. The files are named in this pattern: wasprofile_create_profile.log.
One known problem in the log for a custom profile is that the -federateLater option is displayed in the log, regardless of whether the option is used.
What to do next
Federate the node into the deployment manager cell if you did not already do so when you created the node. Then use the deployment manager to create an application server on the node.
Deploy an application to get started.
See Fast paths for WebSphere Application Server to get started deploying applications.
wasprofile command Creating profiles through the graphical user interface Related reference
Profiles: file system requirements
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