Securing messaging directories and log files
Use this task to restrict access to the /var/mqm directories and log files needed for WebSphere embedded messaging or WebSphere MQ as the JMS provider.
You need to set the permissions described in this topic, to reduce the risk of severe security exposures.
Note that The /var file system is used to store all the security logging information for the system, and is used to store the temporary files for email and printing. Therefore, it is critical that you maintain free space in /var for these operations and prevent unauthorized access to the file system. If you do not create a separate file system for messaging data, and /var fills up, all security logging will be stopped on the system until some free space is available in /var. Also, email and printing will no longer be possible until some free space is available in /var.
This procedure involves steps that you complete at different stages of installing and using IBM WAS, as described below. The steps are also described at appropriate points in other tasks, but are collected here for completeness.
This procedure applies only to the ordinary UNIX file system. If your site uses access-control lists, secure the files by using that mechanism. Any site-specific requirements can affect the desired owner, group and corresponding privileges. For example, on AIX, complete the following steps...
- Before installing WebSphere embedded messaging or WebSphere MQ, create and mount a journalized file system called /var/mqm.Use a partition strategy with a separate volume for the messaging data. This means that other system activity is not affected if a large amount of messaging work builds up in /var/mqm.
- Install WebSphere embedded messaging or WebSphere MQ as the JMS provider.
As part of this stage, the installation program creates the /var/mqm/errors and /var/mqm/qmgrs/@SYSTEM/errors directories used to hold messaging logging files.
- Restrict access to the /var/mqm/errors directory and the logging files, by using the following commandschmod 3777 /var/mqm/errors chown mqm:mqm /var/mqm/errors touch /var/mqm/errors/AMQERR01.LOG chown mqm:mqm /var/mqm/errors/AMQERR01.LOG chmod 666 /var/mqm/errors/AMQERR01.LOG touch /var/mqm/errors/AMQERR02.LOG chown mqm:mqm /var/mqm/errors/AMQERR02.LOG chmod 666 /var/mqm/errors/AMQERR02.LOG touch /var/mqm/errors/AMQERR03.LOG chown mqm:mqm /var/mqm/errors/AMQERR03.LOG chmod 666 /var/mqm/errors/AMQERR03.LOG
- Restrict access to the /var/mqm/qmgrs/@SYSTEM/errors directory and the logging files, by using the following commandschmod 3777 /var/mqm/qmgrs/@SYSTEM/errors chown mqm:mqm /var/mqm/qmgrs/@SYSTEM/errors touch /var/mqm/qmgrs/@SYSTEM/errors/AMQERR01.LOG chown mqm:mqm /var/mqm/qmgrs/@SYSTEM/errors/AMQERR01.LOG chmod 666 /var/mqm/qmgrs/@SYSTEM/errors/AMQERR01.LOG touch /var/mqm/qmgrs/@SYSTEM/errors/AMQERR02.LOG chown mqm:mqm /var/mqm/qmgrs/@SYSTEM/errors/AMQERR02.LOG chmod 666 /var/mqm/qmgrs/@SYSTEM/errors/AMQERR02.LOG touch /var/mqm/qmgrs/@SYSTEM/errors/AMQERR03.LOG chown mqm:mqm /var/mqm/qmgrs/@SYSTEM/errors/AMQERR03.LOG chmod 666 /var/mqm/qmgrs/@SYSTEM/errors/AMQERR03.LOG
- For each appserver that uses WebSphere embedded messaging or WebSphere MQ, restrict access to the server's /var/mqm/qmgrs/long_server_name/errors directory and its messaging logging files.You should restrict access to the server's directory and logging files, as soon after creating the appserver as possible.
To restrict access to the server's directory and logging files, use the following commandschmod 3775 /var/mqm/qmgrs/long_server_name/errors chown mqm:mqm /var/mqm/qmgrs/long_server_name/errors touch /var/mqm/qmgrs/long_server_name/errors/AMQERR01.LOG chown mqm:mqm /var/mqm/qmgrs/long_server_name/errors/AMQERR01.LOG chmod 666 /var/mqm/qmgrs/long_server_name/errors/AMQERR01.LOG touch /var/mqm/qmgrs/long_server_name/errors/AMQERR02.LOG chown mqm:mqm /var/mqm/qmgrs/long_server_name/errors/AMQERR02.LOG chmod 666 /var/mqm/qmgrs/long_server_name/errors/AMQERR02.LOG touch /var/mqm/qmgrs/long_server_name/errors/AMQERR03.LOG chown mqm:mqm /var/mqm/qmgrs/long_server_name/errors/AMQERR03.LOG chmod 666 /var/mqm/qmgrs/long_server_name/errors/AMQERR03.LOG
Where long_server_name is the long name assigned to the server, in the following form: WAS_nodename_server. For example, if you created an appserver called server to run on the node called appnode1, the long server name would be: WAS_appnode1_server.
This task has restricted access to the /var/mqm directories and log files needed for WebSphere embedded messaging or WebSphere MQ as the JMS provider, such that only the user ID mqm or members of the mqm user group have write access.
See AlsoInstall and configuring a JMS provider
Moving from the embedded WebSphere JMS provider to WebSphere MQ
Running Application Servers from a non-root user