Common Secure Interoperability inbound authentication settings
Use this page to specify the features that a server supports for a client accessing its resources.
To view this administrative console page, click...Security | Authentication Protocol | CSI Inbound Authentication
Use CSI inbound authentication settings for configuring the type of authentication information contained in an incoming request or transport.
Authentication features include three layers of authentication that you can use simultaneously...
- Transport layer. The transport layer, which is the lowest layer, might contain a SSL client certificate as the identity.
- Message layer. The message layer might contain a user ID and password or an expirable authenticated token.
- Attribute layer. The attribute layer might contain an identity token, which is an identity from an upstream server that already is authenticated. The identity layer has the highest priority, followed by the message layer, and then the transport layer. If a client sends all three, only the identity layer is used. The only way to use the SSL client certificate as the identity is if it is the only information presented during the request. The client picks up the Interoperable Object Reference (IOR) from the name space and reads the values from the tagged component to determine what the server needs for security.
Basic Authentication Specifies that basic authentication occurs over the message layer.
In the message layer, basic authentication (user ID and password) takes place. This type of authentication typically involves sending a user ID and a password from the client to the server for authentication. This authentication also involves delegating a credential token from an already authenticated credential, provided the credential type is forwardable (for example, Lightweight Third Party Authentication (LTPA)). If you select Basic Authentication for the server, specify both user ID and password authentication as well as token-based authentication.
When you select Basic Authentication, decide whether it is Required or Supported. Selecting Required, indicates that only clients configured to authenticate to this server through the message layer can invoke requests on the server. Selecting Supported, indicates that this server accepts basic authentication. However, other methods of authentication can occur if configured and anonymous requests are accepted. Select Never to indicate that the server is not configured to accept message layer authentication from any client.
Data type... String Client Certificate Authentication Specifies that authentication occurs when the initial connection is made between the client and the server during a method request.
In the transport layer, SSL client certificate authentication takes place. In the message layer, basic authentication (user ID and password) is performed. Client certificate authentication typically performs better than message layer authentication, but requires some additional setup steps. These additional steps involve verifying that the server has the signer certificate of each client to which it is connected. If the client uses a certificate authority (CA) to create its personal certificate, then you only need the CA root certificate in the server signer section of the SSL trust file.
When the certificate is authenticated to a LDAP user registry, the distinguished name (DN) is mapped based on the filter specified when configuring LDAP. When the certificate is authenticated to a LocalOS user registry, the first attribute of the DN in the certificate (typically the common name) is mapped to the user ID in the registry. The identity from client certificates is used only if no other layer of authentication is presented to the server.
When you select Client Certificate Authentication, decide whether it is Required or Supported. When You select Required, only clients that are configured to authenticate to this server through client certificates can invoke requests on the server. When you select Supported, this server accepts SSL client certificate authentication, however, other methods of authentication can occur (if configured) and anonymous requests are accepted. When you select Never, this server is not configured to accept client certificate authentication from any client.
Data type String
Identity Assertion Specifies that identity assertion is a way to assert identities from one server to another during a downstream Enterprise JavaBean (EJB) invocation.
Identity assertion is performed in the attribute layer and is only applicable on servers. The principal determined at the server is based on precedence rules. If identity assertion is performed, the identity is always derived from the attribute. If basic authentication is performed without identity assertion, the identity is always derived from the message layer. Finally, if SSL client certificate authentication is performed without either basic authentication, or identity assertion, then the identity is derived from the transport layer.
The identity asserted is the invocation credential that is determined by the RunAs mode for the enterprise bean. If the RunAs mode is Client, the identity is the client identity. If the RunAs mode is System, the identity is the server identity. If the RunAs mode is Specified, the identity is the one specified. The receiving server receives the identity in an identity token and also receives the sending server identity in a client authentication token. The receiving server validates the sending server identity as a trusted identity through the Trusted Server IDs entry box. . Enter a list of pipe-separated (|) principal names, for example, serverid1|serverid2|serverid3.
When authenticating to a LocalOS user registry, all identity token types map to the user ID field of the active user registry. For an ITTPrincipal identity token, this token maps one-to-one with the user ID fields. For an ITTDistinguishedName identity token, the value from the first equal sign is mapped to the user ID field. For an ITTCertChain identity token, the value from the first equal sign of the distinguished name is mapped to the user ID field.
When authenticating to an LDAP user registry, the LDAP filters determine how an identity of type ITTCertChain and ITTDistinguishedName get mapped to the registry. If the token type is ITTPrincipal, then the principal gets mapped to the UID field in the LDAP registry.
Data type... String
Trusted Server User IDs
Use this list to quickly decide whether a server is trusted. Even if the server is on the list, the sending server must still authenticate with the receiving server to accept the identity token of the sending server.
Data type String
Stateful Sessions Specifies stateful sessions that are used mostly for performance improvements.
The first contact between a client and server must fully authenticate. However, all subsequent contacts with valid sessions reuse the security information. The client passes a context ID to the server, and the ID is used to look up the session. The context ID is scoped to the connection, which guarantees uniqueness. Whenever the security session is invalid and the authentication retry is enabled (it is by default), the client-side security interceptor invalidates the client-side session and resubmits the request without user awareness. This situation might occur if the session does not exist on the server (the server failed and resumed operation). When this value is disabled, every method invocation must re-authenticate.
Data type String